El ascenso de China y las teorías verticales de relaciones internacionales

contrastando las lecciones de las teorías de la transición de poder y del ciclo de poder

  • Guzmán Castro Departamento de Estudios Internacionales, Universidad ORT
Palabras clave: ascenso de China; teoría de relaciones internacionales; teoría de la transición de poder; teoría del ciclo de poder; guerra hegemónica.

Resumen

El "ascenso de China" se ha perfilado como el gran tema de la alta política internacional en el siglo XXI. Reconociendo el desafío analítico que el fenómeno presenta, las diferentes escuelas de pensamiento en teoría de relaciones internacionales se han abocado a una discusión en torno a sus consecuencias sobre el sistema internacional. El presente artículo introduce y profundiza el debate entre dos modelos teóricos que, aun siendo menos comentados que las tradicionales corrientes realistas y liberales, son particularmente útiles en el análisis de grandes movimientos verticales en el sistema internacional, como lo es el ascenso de China. Estos son: la teoría de la transición de poder y la teoría del ciclo de poder. El trabajo demuestra –luego de estudiar comparativamente sus postulados teóricos y normativos– que la teoría del ciclo de poder aparece como un marco conceptual más sólido y útil que la teoría de la transición de poder en la esencial tarea de, no solamente comprender el fenómeno, sino de ofrecer recomendaciones políticas para administrar pacíficamente el ascenso de China.

 

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Publicado
2018-10-24
Cómo citar
Castro, G. (2018). El ascenso de China y las teorías verticales de relaciones internacionales. Revista Uruguaya De Ciencia Política, 19(1), 185-206. Recuperado a partir de http://rucp.cienciassociales.edu.uy/index.php/rucp/article/view/179